Ovarian cancer is no joke and affects women as well as transgender males. It originates in the ovary and is regarded as a silent killer. Ovarian cancer occurs when the ovary’s cells start abnormally multiplying leading to the formation of a tumor. Similarly to other types of cancer, the tumor can spread to the pelvis, belly and other parts of the body if not detected and treated early enough. Ovarian cancer can prove to be difficult to detect since ovaries are positioned deep within the abdomen and you can’t notice any changes. To date, doctors have managed to identify over 30 types and subtypes of this disease as well as their behavior and appearance.
– Hereditary or genetic factor
The genetic or hereditary factor is another leading cause of ovarian cancer. If anyone in you family has suffered from cancer of the ovary, the chances are that you may suffer from it too due to a transfigured or mutated gene. The good news is that cancer specialists know ways to shield you from developing genetically induced ovarian cancer.
– Environmental factors
Let’s face it; there are lots of toxic substances and pollutants present in the environment. For instance, exhaust fumes, asbestos, benzene to mention a few that promote the development of ovarian cancer and other types of cancers according to physicians and medical experts.
– Exposure to sunlight
Destructive ultraviolet rays from the sun are also among the primary causes of ovarian cancer. That is the key reason you should avoid exposing yourself to sunlight for long periods. If you can’t avoid exposing yourself to sunlight for more extended hours, you can protect yourself from the UV rays by using a sun block every time you are going out. Go for a sun block with a minimum of SFF 15 to reduce the infiltration and penetration of the rays into your skin.
Apart from causing lung cancer, smoking is also responsible for causing other types of cancer like ovarian cancer. Cigarettes contain numerous toxic substances that medical experts have confirmed to be carcinogenic. Thus, quit smoking to reduce your chances of developing cancer of the ovary.
As female continue to grow older, their chances of getting ovarian cancer also increases. Most women who suffer from cancer of the ovary are older than 55, meaning that women who are aged 45 and above are likely to develop it.
Symptoms Of Ovarian Cancer
In some cases, the symptoms of don’t show until the disease has reached its advanced stages. Bloating is among the many symptoms of cancer of the ovary. Other symptoms include abdominal pain, pelvic pain, feeling full quickly, difficulty in eating, urgency or frequency in urination, pain during sex to mention a few. Other red flags include fatigue, vaginal bleeding, back pain, menstrual irregularities, and indigestion are the other signs. If you continuously manifest these symptoms for weeks, you should see a gynecologist. Going for frequent medical examinations is the only way to detect and treat ovarian cancer better.
Cancer of the ovary is detected by a blood test, medical imaging or pelvic examination. To confirm the presence of the disease, your physician can check for cancer cells in abdominal fluids, examine the abdominal cavity or perform a biopsy.
Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. Most of the drugs used during chemotherapy work by preventing cancerous cells from multiplying rapidly. Unfortunately, numerous normal cells that rapidly divide are damaged during chemotherapy.
– Radiation therapy
Radiotherapy, as it is commonly known, is used to kill cancerous cells from a ruptured cyst during surgery. Besides, it can also be used to ovarian cancer in its early stages or to treat patients appearing cancer-free. It is commonly used to treat germ cell tumors called dysgerminomas and other forms of ovarian cancer.
– Targeted therapy
Drugs are used to kill cancerous cells during targeted therapy.
– Hormone therapy
HRT or hormone replacement therapy is commonly used to treat ovarian cancer patients whose progesterone and estrogen levels have drastically dropped due to menopause.
Surgery works in combination with either radiotherapy or chemotherapy and involves cutting the patient open to get rid of the tumor. During debulking surgery, most of the tumor mass is removed. Patients with less or without the tumor mass have a high chance of being cured.
In conclusion, lessen your daily use of tobacco, eat healthily and frequently exercise to prevent ovarian cancer.